The Berlin Mandate, a process to negotiate new, legally binding targets for developed country parties, was negotiated at the First Conference of the Parties (COPI) in 1995. Developing countries continue to reject repeated calls to negotiate a commitment because it will hold back their economic growth. Developing country parties have equal status and rights in the negotiations on commitments for developed countries.
New Zealand argued strongly at Kyoto that developing countries must show willingness to engage in a process of commitments in the future and agree on mechanisms and a timetable for establishing appropriate targets. With New Zealand's reliance on exporting, an acceptable solution must be found to this issue if we are to retain our international competitiveness.
New Zealand should be active in the international effort toward inclusion of developing countries for the second commitment period (2013 - 2017)
At COP8 (New Delhi, October 2002), no progress was made towards engaging developing countries in discussions about obligations for the second commitment period and none has been made since. This is likely to be a significant impediment to negotiations about any future tougher emission reduction targets, as developed countries will be holding out for a more comprehensive global effort or risk losing their competitiveness (and energy intesive industries) to developing countries.